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精品推荐------粮票一组

发布时间:2020-09-29 17:52:44 | 来源:未知

四川中宝元拍卖有限公司【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。

[Tibet. Recommendation] column for the strong dissemination effect of the collection to recommend to buyers the selected art treasures by experts at the first level of national appraisal, to bridge the gap for Tibetans, so that the value of thousands of art treasures are excavated and valued, and high-priced transactions can be concluded in the auction.

 

【名称】:粮票一组

【类型】: 杂项

【年代】: 近现代

【规格】:三张

【Name】:Guangxu ingot a group

【Tybe】:miscellaneous

【Years】:In modern times

【Specifications】:three

 

 

【藏 品 简 介】此组藏品由2张1966年全国通用五市斤和三市斤粮票和1张1974年湖南省地方贰市两粮票组成。品相完整,无水渍污渍,无明显破损,有正常流通使用的痕迹,整体保存良好,纸张采用第三套人民币纸张。粮票是中国在特定经济发展环境下发放的一种购粮凭证,具有一定的时代意义和纪念意义,具有较为重要的研究价值和收藏价值。

The collection consists of two grain stamps, one for the five jin and three Jin in 1966 and one for the two Liang Shi in Hunan Province in 1974.The product is complete, no water stains, no obvious damage, there are signs of normal circulation and use, the whole is well preserved, the paper adopts the third set of RMB paper. Grain coupon is a kind of grain purchase voucher issued under the specific economic development environment in China. It has certain historical significance and commemorative significance, and has relatively important research value and collection value.

粮票是20世纪50年代至80年代中国在特定经济时期发放的一种购粮凭证。 中国最早实行的票证种类是粮票、食用油票、布票等。粮票作为一种实际的有价证券,在中国使用达40多年,随着社会的发展,它已退出了历史舞台,成为收藏者的新宠。那时候,必须凭粮票才能购买粮食。其实凭票供应不是我国最早采用的,苏联在十月革命后,当时国内不稳定,内战不断,商品缺乏,就采取商品有计划的分配,发放各种商品票证,苏联最早的票证是1916年的鞋票。 美国也在二战时期商品紧张时,发放了各种商品票证,其种类也不少,这其中就含有粮票性质的票证。现在还有一些国家仍然采用凭票供应方式,如朝鲜、越南等一些国家。中国的粮票种类数量有"世界之最"之称,全国2500多个市县,还有一些镇、乡都分别发放和使用了各种粮票,进行计划供应,还有一些大企业、厂矿、农场、学校、政府、机关等单位。粮票是特殊经济条件下的历史产物,票面题材广泛,印制精细,具有时间性、地域性的特点。经年累月的岁月侵蚀,更使这种具有不可复制性的票证文物日渐稀少,珍品迭出,长期为海内外收藏爱好者所瞩目。另外,有些发行于解放战争时期的公粮票,是解放战争时期革命军队在人民群众支持下浴血奋战的历史见证,具有重要的纪念意义和收藏价值。"票证经济"曾影响了我国几代老百姓的生活,那是一段凭票吃粮喝汤的年代,也是靠粮票、布票等票、证过日子的计划经济时代。

Food stamps are a kind of grain purchase voucher issued in China during specific economic periods from the 1950s to the 1980s. Food coupons, edible oil coupons and cloth coupons were the first to be implemented in China. As a kind of practical securities, food stamps have been used in China for more than 40 years. With the development of the society, food stamps have retired from the historical stage and become the favorite of collectors. In those days, food stamps were required to buy grain. In fact, voucher supply is not the first one adopted in China. After the October Revolution, the Soviet Union adopted a planned distribution of commodities and issued various commodity vouchers due to internal instability, continuous civil war and lack of commodities. The earliest voucher of the Soviet Union was the 1916 shoe ticket. In the United States during World War II, when there was a shortage of merchandise, there were many kinds of merchandise tickets, including food stamps. Some countries still supply by ticket, such as North Korea and Vietnam. The number of food stamps in China is reputed to be the largest in the world. More than 2,500 cities and counties, as well as some towns and townships, have issued and used food stamps for planned supply, and some large enterprises, factories, mines, farms, schools, governments, government agencies and other units have issued and used food stamps. Food stamps are a historical product under special economic conditions. They have a wide range of themes, fine printing, timeliness and regional characteristics. Years of years of erosion, more so that this non-replicability of the ticket cultural relics increasingly rare, treasures out, for a long time at home and abroad by collectors attention. In addition, some of the grain coupons issued during the War of Liberation are historical witnesses of the revolutionary troops fighting bloody battles with the support of the masses during the war of Liberation, and have important commemorative significance and collection value. Ticket economy has affected the lives of several generations of Chinese people. It was a period of time when people ate food and drank soup with tickets, and it was also a planned economy era when people lived on food stamps, cloth tickets and other tickets.

最早实行凭票证供应的就是粮食。各地的商品票证通常分为"吃、穿、用"这三大类。新中国成立初期,物资极度匮乏,粮食自然无法做到敞开供应。中央政府开始酝酿粮食的计划供应,以满足全国人民的温饱。1953 年,中央政府决定实行粮食统购统销政策,包括粮食计划收购政策,粮食计划供应政策,1955 年8 月25 日,国务院全体会议第17 次会议通过《市镇粮食定量供应凭证印制暂行办法》,紧接着,国家粮食部向全国发布这一暂行办法,很快,各种粮食票证便铺天盖地地进入社会。与票证时代相配合的,还有严格的户籍管理以及城乡二元分割的制度。农村人不可能像今天一样自由进城打工,因为每月定量供给的粮票、油票只有城市人口才有,没有城里人的身份,就拿不到这些票证,因此农民离开了土地,根本就无法生存。仅城乡之间,城市与城市之间的迁移,同样由于粮食关系的束缚而相当麻烦。当时的粮票分为全国通用和地方流动两种。只有全国粮票才能在中华大地都有效。出差的人必须持单位介绍信去粮店换一定数量的全国粮票。当时粮票的制作制作使用的便是第三套人民币纸张,为了增加造假难度,在票内使用水印技术作为防伪。除了全国通用粮票使水印纸印刷外,许多地方粮票也大量使用水印纸印制。这样,便出现了大量水印粮票,这些水印粮票的水印图案有五星、火炬、麦穗等多种。全国粮票,样本鲜见。关于该年版票的诞生,普遍的观点是因为1965年版粮票背面使用说明中第四条“本票不准买卖、涂改无效、遗失不补。”的第一个顿号标错了,为了维护国票的形象,粮食部于1967年10月13日发(67)粮农字第186号《关于发行1966年新版全国通用粮票的通知》,正式启用了在修正1965年版错误的基础上而增印的1966年版粮票。至于这种说法是否正确,无从考证,不过1965年版成为公开发行的错版粮票道是不争的事实。与1965年版一样,1966年版的全国通用粮票也存在着有水印和无水印两种版别。不同的是半斤和一斤均没有水印版,而五斤这枚因水印图案不同又衍生成大小实心五角星和空心五角星加麦穗两种版别。让人费解的是该套票的实票在现实中存量可谓是天文数字,可票样却难得一见。粮票鉴赏关键1、设计好差2、发行量大小3、有无水印(无水印粮票占了中国粮票品种的98%)4、制作工艺简单,如同电脑打印机出来的5、地市级粮票多,且发行程序不规范6、南方人不喜欢面食,故面票,粉票,等不欢迎,收藏基础范围受限。粮票自身是没有价值的票证,但凭粮票可买到国家牌价粮食,实际上粮票成了一种有价证券。粮票的面值等于国家牌价粮价与市场价之差。1993年后中国已取消使用粮票,粮票很快进入了收藏品的行列,全国集"粮"爱好者也在不断扩大。近两年在香港、澳门特区和欧美一些国家高价购买竞相收藏中国粮票中的珍品。随着时间推移,集粮热的升温,粮票收藏品市场也必将上扬。只要掌握好收藏粮票的基本原则,投资收藏粮票前景十分可观。粮票曾作为中国的第二"货币",在中国历时40年,它反映了中国各个历史时期的社会经济状况,有较为重要的研究价值和收藏价值。

The first food to be supplied by ticket was grain. Commodity tickets in various places are usually divided into "eat, wear, use" these three categories. In the early days of the founding of The People's Republic of China, there was a severe shortage of materials. The central government began to plan the supply of grain to feed and clothe the whole nation. Food in 1953, the central government decided to unified purchase and marketing policy, policy, including food plan to purchase the food planned supply policy, on August 25, 1955, the 17th plenary meetings of the State Council meeting through the "interim measures for town food rationing vouchers printed", followed by the ministry of national food to the country this interim measures, soon, all kinds of food ticket will flood into society. In line with the era of ticket and certificate, there are also strict household registration management and the system of urban-rural dual division. Rural people could not work in cities as freely as they do today, because the monthly ration of food stamps and oil stamps was only available to the urban population. Without the status of a city dweller, they could not get these tickets. Therefore, peasants left the land and could not survive at all. Migration between urban and rural areas alone, and between cities, is equally troublesome because of the constraints of food relations. At that time, there were two kinds of food stamps, national and local. Only the national food stamps can be valid throughout China. The person that go on a business trip must carry unit introduction letter to grain store to change a certain amount countrywide grain stamp. At that time, the production of food stamps is the use of the third set of RMB paper, in order to increase the difficulty of counterfeiting, the use of watermark technology in the ticket as anti-counterfeiting. In addition to the national use of water printing paper food stamps, many local food stamps also use water printing paper printing. In this way, a large number of watermark food stamps appeared, the watermark pattern of these food stamps has five stars, torch, wheat ears and so on. National food stamps, samples are rare. The popular view on the birth of this year's stamp is due to article 4 of the instructions on the back of the 1965 food stamp: "Promissory notes may not be bought or sold, altered, or lost." In order to maintain the image of the national stamp, the Ministry of Food issued food and Agriculture Word No. 186 on October 13, 1967 (67) "Notice on the Issuance of a New 1966 Edition of National General Food Stamps", officially launching the 1966 edition of food stamps on the basis of correcting the errors of the 1965 edition. Whether this is true is impossible to verify, but it is certainly true that the 1965 version became the wrong version of the food stamps. Like the 1965 version, the 1966 version of the national general food stamps also exist with and without watermark two editions. The difference is half catty and a catty are not watermark version, and the five catty because of the watermark pattern is different and derived into the size of solid pentacle and hollow pentacle plus wheat two types of plate. What is puzzling is that the actual stock of tickets for this package is astronomical, but the samples are rare. Food stamps appreciation key 1, design good 2, circulation size 3, with and without watermark (no watermark ration accounted for 98% of the varieties of Chinese food stamps) 4, simple manufacturing process, like a computer printer out of 5, prefecture-level food stamps, and the irregular procedure of issue 6, from the south don't like pasta, so the plane tickets, meal ticket, do not welcome, such as limited scope of collection basis. Food stamps themselves are worthless, but they can be used to buy grain at state prices. In fact, food stamps have become a kind of negotiable securities. The face value of food stamps is the difference between state and market prices. After 1993, China has abolished the use of food stamps, food stamps soon entered the ranks of collectibles, the national "food" collectors are also expanding. Nearly two years in Hong Kong, Macao special Administrative Region and some Countries in Europe and the United States to buy a competitive collection of Chinese food stamps treasures. With the passage of time, the heat of grain collection, food stamp collectibles market is bound to rise. As long as the basic principle of food stamps collection is mastered, the prospect of investment in food stamps collection is very considerable. Food stamps used to be the second "currency" in China, which lasted for 40 years. They reflected the social and economic conditions in various historical periods of China, and had relatively important research value and collection value.

此件藏品已委托四川中宝元拍卖有限公司参加阿联酋.迪拜艺术品大型拍卖会,欢迎有兴趣的客户届时参加!

The collection has been entrusted to Sichuan Zhongbaoyuan Auction Co., Ltd. to participate in the United Arab Emirates. Dubai art auction, welcome interested customers to attend!

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